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Te Puna o Te Mātauranga Marae operates under the tikanga of Ngapuhi Nui Tonu, with the use of paeke in powhiri as outlined below:
All manuhiri (visitors) assemble at the entrance to the Marae. The ope (group) decide who will be responsible for the whaikorero (the speaker/s) to represent the group.
When the ope is ready the women move forward so that the tangata whenua (home people) know that the ope is ready for the powhiri to proceed.
The tangata whenua begins the process with the karanga and the manuhiri will reply and move slowly towards the whare hui. This is a solemn process to allow people to gather their thoughts and pay homage to the people who have gone before us. There is often a slight pause before you cross the marae atea (courtyard in front of the wharenui), where most formal occasions are usually held.
Shoes are removed before entering the wharenui, as a sign of respect.
The ope follows the kaikaranga to the front of the whare hui, where they pause to pay respect to the whare, and recognising those ancestors who have gone before use.
Under the guidance of the kaikaranga the ope then turn and walk to the taumata where you hongi first the tangata whenua before being seated for the mihimihi. It is through the hongi that tangata whenua and manuhiri become 'of one breath'. A hariru (handshake) is acceptable for those who are unable to press noses for cultural, religious or other reasons.
Whaikorero (speeches) of welcome then take place - paeke - that is, the speakers of the tangata whenua will start and the manuhiri respond. Upon completion of the manuhiri responses, the tangata whenua will then complete the process and outline next steps in the powhiri process. Each whaikorero is concluded with a waiata. Generally the song indicates where the person is from and aligns with what has been said.
The formal welcome is completed when manuhiri and tangata whenua partake of food and drink in the dining room, Te Puna o Te Ora.